When it comes to global beer giants, they don’t come much bigger than Budweiser and Heineken. They dominate the global beer market the same way Coca-Cola and Pepsi lead the soft drinks sector. Wherever you go in the world, whichever country, you will almost always find one if not both of these popular lagers in the cooler of the local bar or on the shelves of the nearby minimart. Basically, wherever beer is sold you are gonna find a Bud or a Heiny!
In 2021, Budweiser was ranked as the most valuable beer brand in the world with Heineken not trailing too far behind it, although recent figures suggest the growth in the popularity of Corona from Mexico, means Budweiser has moved down a place to the second most valuable brand (we are currently waiting for the latest Statista figures at the time of going to press).
Surprisingly enough, neither Budweiser nor Heineken (or even Corona) tops the list of best-selling beers in the world, that honor goes to a Chinese beer you have probably even never heard of called Snow. Budweiser (the King of Beers) ranks second with a respectable 49.2 million hectolitres of beer sold, but only 50% of the 101.2 million hectolitres of sales that Snow enjoyed, and it’s only sold in China too
When it comes to the best-known beer brands in the world, Bud and Heineken lead the way. Current estimates say Heineken is available in over 200 countries worldwide, with Budweiser on about par. However, what makes Budweiser the most valuable brand is its dominance in the huge domestic beer market of the US.
How did these two popular beers become so big? And which of these two consumer favorites is the best? Let’s delve into the key aspects that set Heineken and Budweiser apart, including their origins, brewing processes, taste profiles, marketing strategies, and market presence. So join me and raise a glass to explore the world of Heineken vs Budweiser.
Heineken vs Budweiser at a Glance
|Country of Origin||Netherlands||U.S.A|
|Ingredients||Barley, hops, yeast, and water||Barley malt, water, rice, yeast, and hops|
|Calories per 12oz Serving||142||146|
Heineken vs Budweiser: Origins and History
Heineken’s origins trace back to 1864 when Gerard Adriaan Heineken founded the Heineken Brewery in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Gerard was driven by a passion for brewing and a vision to create a beer of exceptional quality. He combined traditional brewing methods with innovative techniques to craft a distinctively smooth and refreshing premium pilsner-style beer.
The brewery’s early years were marked by steady growth and success. Sales of Heineken topped after winning the “Medaille D’Or” at the International Maritime Exposition in Paris in 1875, and sales crossed 1.7 million gallons in that year, making Heineken the largest beer exporter to France. Heineken’s commitment to quality and consistency quickly earned the brand a loyal following among Dutch beer drinkers and beer aficionados across Europe who enjoyed the Premium Quality Dutch beer.
As the 20th century unfolded, Heineken’s popularity continued to soar. The company embraced technological advancements, including the introduction of bottom-fermenting yeast strains and refrigeration, which allowed for more precise control over the brewing process and helped maintain the beer’s high quality.
Heineken’s international expansion gained momentum in the post-World War II era. The company established breweries and acquired local beer brands in various countries, including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Belgium, and France. This strategic approach allowed Heineken to leverage the popularity of local brands while simultaneously introducing their flagship beer to new markets.
Heineken N.V. is the largest brewer in Europe and owns over 165 breweries in over 70 countries. Until the merger of Anheuser-Busch and InBev, they were the last global brewer on the planet.
Today, Heineken is one of the world’s leading beer brands, with a presence in over 200 countries. It has diversified its product offerings to include different variants and styles, ensuring a wider range of popular options for beer drinkers worldwide.
Budweiser’s story began in 1876 when Adolphus Busch, a German immigrant, established the Anheuser-Busch Brewery in St. Louis, Missouri, United States. Adolphus Busch was determined to create an American beer that would rival traditional European brews. Budweiser was born out of his vision to produce a high-quality American lager that combined the best of American ingredients and brewing techniques.
Drawing inspiration from the Czech town of Budweis, renowned for its brewing heritage, Adolphus named his beer “Budweiser.” He aimed to create a beer that would encapsulate the spirit of the American Midwest and appeal to a broad consumer base.
Budweiser quickly gained popularity, thanks to Adolphus Busch’s relentless pursuit of excellence. He implemented innovative brewing practices, such as pasteurization and refrigeration, to ensure the beer’s freshness and consistency. Adolphus also recognized the importance of marketing and advertising, pioneering techniques that would later become industry standards.
As the years went by, Budweiser’s success grew exponentially. It became the flagship brand of Anheuser-Busch, which later merged with InBev to form Anheuser-Busch InBev, the largest beer conglomerate in the world. Budweiser’s iconic red and white logo became a symbol of American brewing heritage and a representation of its commitment to quality.
Budweiser expanded its reach beyond the United States, exporting its beers to various countries. It adapted its brewing process to suit local preferences while maintaining the core characteristics that made Budweiser a beloved easy-drinking beer. The brand’s popularity surged during the 20th century, driven by successful marketing campaigns, sponsorship deals, and its association with major sporting events.
Heineken vs Budweiser: Ingredients and Brewing Process
Although both Budweiser and Heineken are brewed as lagers using bottom-fermenting yeast, that’s about where the similarities end. Heineken is a pale European-style lager while Budweiser is classed as an American adjunct pale lager, ie it has adjuncts added to the usual beer ingredients of barley, water, hops, and yeast.
Wherever Heineken is brewed it sticks to the same original pale lager recipe and only the four ingredients of its original manufacturing plant. To ensure Heineken stays true to its Dutch origins, imported ingredients from the Netherlands and other nearby European countries are used.
- Barley – The primary raw base malt required for Heineken, select barley is malted to give that distinctive color and characteristic aroma which Heineken is known for. Only the finest quality European barley is selected for the crucial malting process. The barley grains are malted in France and Germany before being shipped in gunny bags to the respective breweries around the world.
- Hops – Heineken use hops from Germany, the Czech Republic, and the US, with the flower clusters containing lupulin, the real bittering agent of Heineken. Heineken only uses the hop concentrate (ie the oils you get from the hops) which gives the beer a more bitter taste – a significant difference between Heineken and Budweiser.
- Yeast – Although originally Heineken would use Bavarian yeasts in the production of their premium beers, like many of the brewers of the time, Heineken found some batches of beer would inexplicably turn sour during production or distribution due to contaminated yeast cultures. Dr. Hartog Elion, an assistant to Dr. Louis Pasteur, was employed as the head of Heineken’s research laboratory and cultivated multiple yeast strains including Heineken A yeast. To this day, all Heineken beers use Heineken-A, which the company claims most defines the flavor of their beer.
- Water – Probably the other most important ingredient in the brewing process is the water which makes up 95% of the finished beer. Heineken use only the purest water derived from sustainable sources.
The beer undergoes a fermentation process that takes about three weeks, including a longer secondary fermentation period known as lagering. This extended lagering process contributes to the distinct crispness and smoothness of Heineken beer.
Budweiser is an adjunct lager that adds rice to the traditional four natural ingredients of malt, water, hops, and yeast used to brew lager.
- Barley malts – The malty sweet flavor profile of Budweiser is derived from the barley malts used. Budweiser is made by adding 30% four-row barley malt to 40% six-row malt. The color of the beer is decided by the malting process, and only the best quality barley from Montana and Idaho is used.
- Hops – Budweiser uses Hallertau, Saaz, and Tettnanger hops which have been cultivated in the US for 70% of its hop bill. The remaining 30% consist of European hops which are high-alpha and non-germanic varietals such as Willamette. It’s a more complex hop bill than Heineken, which traditionally just sticks to one specific species of hop.
- Yeast – Did you know every Budweiser brewed today uses a Signature Anheuser-Busch yeast which is well over 100 years old? The yeast is kept cryogenically frozen in liquid nitrogen at the main Budweiser brewery in St Louis and extracted for use 1 milliliter at a time. Once the yeast is thawed, it is grown into 100 barrels of fresh yeast before being kegged, packed with ice, and shipped to Anheuser Busch breweries around the globe.
- Water – Anheuser Busch realizes that using the purest quality water is one of the most important essential ingredients of brewing high-quality beer, and all the water used in Budweiser is purified with the use of a multi-stage filtration process to ensure the beer quality remains consistent.
- Rice 30% of the grain bill uses the addition of rice which gives the crisp quality to Budweiser and imparts the characteristic taste Bud is known for. The color of the lager also becomes lighter while the feel is drier but with a sweet aroma.
Budweiser uses a special brewing process known as beechwood aging. Anheuser Busch’s famous beechwood aging process is designed to increase the contact area of the yeast and the beer rather than impart a woody flavor to the beer, and therefore shorten the fermentation time. It’s not the same as barrel aging as the wood flavors would quickly overwhelm the delicate flavor of the Budweiser.
Long chunks of beechwood which have been washed with baking soda to reduce its woody contribution to flavor are stacked in the layering tanks of Budweiser before krausening the beer by adding fresh wort. The wood forms a substrate that collects the yeast, thereby increasing the beer/yeast contact surface and reducing the layering time. On average Budweiser only takes two weeks compared to the longer layering times of Heineken. This technique imparts a light and clean character to the beer.
Heineken vs Budweiser: Beer Flavor Profiles
While both Heineken and Budweiser fall under the category of lagers, they offer distinct taste profiles that cater to different preferences. Heineken’s flavor profile showcases a balanced combination of malt sweetness and hop bitterness, delivering a refreshing and slightly bitter taste experience. Budweiser, on the other hand, focuses on easy drinkability, offering a light and crisp flavor with mild malt sweetness and subdued hop bitterness.
Heineken is renowned for its distinctive taste profile, which combines a well-balanced combination of malt sweetness and hop bitterness found in most European lagers. When poured into a glass, Heineken exhibits a bright and golden color, inviting beer enthusiasts to indulge in its refreshing flavors.
The initial sip of Heineken reveals a crisp and clean character, with a subtle sweetness derived from the malted barley. The malt backbone provides a smooth and slightly grainy texture, contributing to the beer’s overall mouthfeel. As the taste develops, the hop bitterness becomes more pronounced, offering a refreshing and slightly bitter finish that lingers on the palate.
The hop varieties used in Heineken’s brewing process impart floral, herbal, and citrusy notes, adding complexity to the flavor profile. These hops provide a delicate aroma that enhances the overall drinking experience. The balance between malt sweetness and hop bitterness creates a harmonious taste that appeals to a wide range of beer drinkers.
Budweiser is known for its approachable and easy-drinking taste profile, making it a popular choice for the American market. It offers a light and crisp flavor that aims to quench thirst and provide a smooth drinking experience.
When poured, Budweiser displays a pale golden color, often accompanied by a frothy white head. The aroma is subtle, with hints of grain and a touch of sweetness. The first sip reveals a clean and refreshing taste, characterized by a mild malt presence. The use of rice in Budweiser’s brewing process contributes to its light-bodied nature and smooth texture.
The hop bitterness in Budweiser is relatively subdued compared to other beer styles, allowing for a more delicate and balanced flavor profile. The mild bitterness serves as a gentle complement to the subtle sweetness of the malt, resulting in a refreshing finish that leaves a clean aftertaste.
Overall, Budweiser’s taste profile emphasizes drinkability and approachability, a classic, easy-drinking beer. It is designed to be a beer enjoyable in social settings or as a go-to beer for casual consumption, appealing to those seeking a light and refreshing beer without overpowering flavors.
Heineken vs Budweiser: Marketing Strategies
Heineken has cultivated a premium image over the years, positioning itself as a sophisticated and high-quality beer brand. It has been successful in appealing to a diverse demographic, ranging from beer connoisseurs to casual drinkers. Heineken’s green bottle and recognizable red star logo have become synonymous with its brand identity.
On the other hand, Budweiser has built a reputation as a classic American beer brand. It is often associated with values such as tradition, patriotism, and camaraderie. Budweiser has a strong following among loyal American consumers who appreciate its smooth taste and easy drinkability. The brand has successfully tapped into the sentiment of national pride through its marketing campaigns and sponsorships.
Heineken has established a strong presence in the global beer market through its innovative marketing campaigns. The brand is known for its creative and memorable advertisements, such as the iconic “Heineken Refreshes the Parts Other Beers Cannot Reach” campaign. Heineken has also been involved in various sponsorship deals, including major sporting events like the UEFA Champions League, which helps to enhance its brand visibility and reach.
Budweiser, as an All-American beer brand, has focused on associating itself with national pride and heritage. It has a long history of supporting sports, particularly American football, and has been an official sponsor of the NFL for many years. Budweiser is also well-known for its engaging Super Bowl commercials, which have become highly anticipated events in their own right.
Heineken vs Budweiser: Innovation
Both Heineken and Budweiser have expanded their product portfolios to cater to evolving consumer preferences and market trends. Heineken has introduced variants such as Heineken Light, Heineken 0.0 (alcohol-free), and limited-edition releases, targeting health-conscious consumers and those seeking alcohol alternatives.
Budweiser has also ventured into product extensions, including Bud Light, Bud Light Lime, Budweiser Select, and Budweiser Black Crown, among others. These variations aim to provide consumers with different flavor profiles and options within the Budweiser family.
While Heineken and Budweiser are global brands, they have recognized the importance of adapting to local markets. Heineken has employed a strategy of acquiring local breweries to expand its reach and cater to specific regional tastes. For instance, in 2010, Heineken acquired the Mexican brewery Grupo Modelo, gaining access to popular brands like Corona and Modelo Especial.
Budweiser has also embraced localization efforts by tailoring its marketing and packaging to different regions. In countries like China, Budweiser has introduced products with a lower alcohol content to cater to the preferences of the local market.
Heineken vs Budweiser: Consumer Preferences
Consumer preferences for beer can vary greatly, influenced by factors such as culture, geography, and personal taste. While Heineken and Budweiser have distinct flavor profiles, they face fierce competition from other global and craft beer brands.
Craft breweries, in particular, have gained popularity in recent years, attracting consumers seeking unique and locally brewed beers. These breweries often emphasize artisanal production methods, small-batch brewing, and experimental flavors, which can offer a different experience compared to the mass-produced offerings of Heineken and Budweiser.
Budweiser has tried to keep abreast of this with newer products such as Shock Top, a Belgian-style white beer similar to Blue Moon from the Molson Coors Brewing Company. In the Netherlands, Heineken still produces an Ould Bruin version of Heineken which uses a top-fermenting yeast for an ale experience.
Heineken vs Budweiser: Final Call
Heineken and Budweiser are both iconic beer brands with their own distinct characteristics and appeal. Heineken is known for its balanced taste, brewing tradition, and global marketing campaigns, while Budweiser emphasizes its smoothness, lightness, and association with American culture.
The choice between these two brands ultimately comes down to personal preference and the specific occasion. Whether you prefer the refreshing crispness of Heineken or the smooth drinkability of Budweiser, both beers have left an indelible mark on the world of brewing and continue to be enjoyed by millions of people worldwide. Cheers to the beer giants!